\documentclass[compose]{exam-n}
\usepackage{graphics}
\graphicspath{{fig/}}
\begin{document}
\begin{question}{20} \author{Reginald Q Whimsy}
% Have a blank line here, to check that the question number remains
% nicely lined up, even if there are lines between the environment
% opening and the text.
First, \emph{admire} the restful picture of a spiral in Fig.\ \ref{f:spiral},
included as a graphic. Fully zenned up? Then let us begin\dots.
\begin{figure}
\ifbigfont
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{spiral}
\else
\includegraphics{spiral}
\fi
\caption{\label{f:spiral}A spiral}
\end{figure}
\part Show that, under the action of \textsf{gravity} alone, the scale size
of the Universe (which we should note is larger than \SI1m in
diameter and more massive than \SI{10}{kg}) varies according to
\begin{equation}
\ddot{R}=-\frac{4\pi G \rho_0}{3R^2}
\partmarks[demonstration]{4}
\end{equation}
and that, consequently,
\begin{equation*}
\dot{R}^2=-\frac{8\pi G \rho_0}{3R}=-K.
\partmarks[another remarkably long remark]{3}
\end{equation*}
Express $K$ in terms of the present values of the Hubble constant
$H_0$ and of the density parameter $\Omega_0$.
\partmarks[bookwork from a very long and boring book, which goes on
and on at really quite unreasonable length, line after line,
until the reader is adequately cudgelled into intellectual
submission]{3}
\begin{solution}
This can be solved by \emph{remembering} the solution
\partmarks{3}
\end{solution}
\part In the early Universe, the relation between time and
temperature has the form
\begin{equation*}
t=\sqrt{\frac{3c^2}{16\pi G g_{\rm eff}a}}\frac{1}{T^2},
\end{equation*}
where $a$ is the radiation constant. Discuss the assumptions
leading to this equation, but do not carry out the mathematical
derivation. Discuss the meaning of the factor $g_{\rm eff}$ , and
find its value just before and after annihilation of electrons and
positrons.
\partmarks{6}
\begin{solution}
Before, well, geee; after\dots kazamm!
\end{solution}
\part
Explain how the present-day neutron/proton ratio was established
by particle interactions in the Early Universe. How is the ratio
of deuterium to helium relevant to the nature of dark matter? It is
\emph{crucially vital} to note
that Table~\ref{t:dullness} is of absolutely no relevance to this question.
\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{r|l}
Column 1&and row 1\\
More content&in row 2
\end{tabular}
\caption{\label{t:dullness}A remarkably dull table}
\end{table}
Finis.
\begin{questiondata}
Hubble's law: $v=H_0 D$
\end{questiondata}
\partmarks{4}
% Test uprightness of \pi
All is geometry: $\mathrm e^{\mathrm{i}\pi} = -1^{x^x}, \forall x=1$, or $E=mc^2$.
% and that \vec produces italic bold, in greek as well as roman
That includes vectors: $\vec v=\Diffl*{\vec x}t + \vec\gamma$.
\begin{solution}
\tracingmacros=2 \tracingcommands=2
Explanations are superfluous;\partmarks1 all that is, is.
\tracingmacros=0 \tracingcommands=0
\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{r|l}
First rows&are premier\\
subsequent rows&are of secondary interest
\end{tabular}
\caption{\label{t:dullnessII}A table o'erbrimming with otioseness}
\end{table}
In addition, Table~\ref{t:dullnessII} adds nothing to the discussion,\partmarks{1}
and adds nothing to our understanding of our place in the cosmos, but it
\emph{does} contribute slightly to the heat-death of the universe (can
you work out how many deuterium nuclei decayed during the typing of
this table?).\partmarks1
All is geometry\partmarks1 (in here, too): $\mathrm e^{\mathrm{i}\pi} = -1^{x^x}, \forall x=1$,
or $E=mc^2$, or
\begin{align*}
\mathrm e^{\mathrm{i}\pi} &= \cos\pi + i \sin\pi = -1^{x^x}\\
E&= mc^2\qquad\text{inevitably}.
\end{align*}
\end{solution}
\end{question}
\end{document}
Here are some further ramblings & rantings. This text should be ignored.